# Yongyi Yang

**Yongyi Yang**

Perlstein Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Professor of Biomedical Engineering

office: Room M-118, Suite 100, Technology Business Center

phone: +1 312.567.3423

fax: +1 312.567.8976

email: yangyo@iit.edu

**Expertise**

Image and signal processing, data compression, applied mathematical and statistical methods

**Education**

B.S.E.E., Northern Jiaotong University, Beijing, China,1985

M.S.E.E., Northern Jiaotong University, Beijing, China,1988

M.S., Appled Math, Illinois Institute of Technology,1992

Ph.D., Illinois Institute of Technology, 1994

**Books**

*Vector Space Projections: A Numerical Approach to Signal and Image Processing, Neural Nets, and Optics* with H. Stark, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1998

**Selected Publications**

J. Wang, H. Jing, M. N. Wernick, R. M. Nishikawa, and Y. Yang, “Analysis of perceived similarity between pairs of microcalcification clusters in mammograms,” Medical Physics, 2014.

Y. Lia, H. Chen, Y. Yang, and N. Yang, “Pectoral muscle segmentation in mammograms based on homogenous texture and intensity deviation,” Pattern Recognition, vol. 46, no. 3, pp. 681-691, 2013.

M. Jin, X. Niu, W. Qi, Y. Yang, J. Dey, M. A. King, S. Dahlberg, and M. N. Wernick, “4D reconstruction for low-dose cardiac gated SPECT,” Medical Physics, vol. 40, no. 2, 2013.

H. Jing, Y. Yang, M. N. Wernick, L. M. Yarusso, and R. M. Nishikawa, “A comparison study of image features between FFDM and film mammogram images,” Medical Physics, vol. 39, no. 7, 2012.

H. Jing, Y. Yang, and R. M. Nishikawa, “Retrieval boosted computer-aided diagnosis of clustered microcalcifications for breast cancer,” Medical Physics, vol. 39, no. 2, pp.676-85, 2012.

W. Qi, Y. Yang, X. Niu, M. A. King, “A quantitative study of motion estimation methods on 4D cardiac gated SPECT reconstruction,” Medical Physics, vol. 39, no. 8, pp. 5182-5193, 2012.

X. Niu, Y. Yang, and M, A. King, “Comparison study of temporal regularization methods for fully 5D reconstruction of cardiac gated dynamic SPECT,” Phys. Med. Biol., vol. 57, pp. 5523-5542, 2012.

H. Jing, Y. Yang, and R. M. Nishikawa, “Regularization in retrieval-driven classification of clustered microcalcifications for breast cancer,” International Journal of Biomedical Imaging, vol. 2012, 2012.

X. Niu, Y. Yang, M. Jin, M. N. Wernick, and M. A. King, “Effects of motion, attenuation, and scatter corrections on gated cardiac SPECT reconstruction,” Medical Physics, vol. 38, no. 12, pp.6571-6584, 2011.

H. Jing, Y. Yang, and R. M. Nishikawa, “Detection of clustered microcalcifications using spatial point process modeling,” Phys. Med. Biol., vol. 56, no.1, pp.1-17, 2011.

X. Niu and Y. Yang, “Tomographic reconstruction of gated data acquisition using DFT basis functions,” IEEE Trans. on Image Processing, vol. 20, no. l, pp.176-185, 2011.

M. N. Wernick, Y. Yang, J. G. Brankov, G. Yourganov, S. C. Strother, “Machine learning in medical imaging,” IEEE Sig. Proc. Mag., vol. 27, no. 4, pp.25-38, 2010.

J. H. Oh, Y. Yang, and I. El Naqa, “Adaptive learning for relevance feedback: application to digital mammography,” Medical Physics, vol. 37, no. 8, pp.4432-4444, 2010.

X. Niu, Y. Yang, M. A. King, and M. N. Wernick, “Detectability of perfusion defect in five-dimensional gated-dynamic cardiac SPECT images,” Medical Physics, vol. 37, no. 9, pp.5102-5112, 2010.

X. Niu, Y. Yang, M. Jin, M. N. Wernick, and M. A. King, “Regularized fully 5D reconstruction of cardiac gated dynamic SPECT images,” vol. 57, pp.1085-1095, IEEE Trans. on Nuclear Science, vol. 57, no. 3, pp.1085-1095, 2010.

Y. Artan, M. A. Haider, D. L. Langer, Y. Yang, M. N. Wernick, I. S. Yetik, “Prostate cancer localization with multispectral MRI using cost-sensitive support vector machines and conditional random fields,” IEEE Trans. on Image Processing, vol. 19, no. 9, pp.2444-2455, 2010.

L. Li and Y. Yang, “Optical flow estimation for a periodic image sequence,” IEEE Trans. on Medical Imaging, vol. 19, pp.1-10, 2010.

M. Jin, Y. Yang, X. Niu, T. Marin, J. G. Brankov, B. Feng, P. H. Pretorius, M. A. King, and M. N. Wernick, “Quantitative evaluation study of four-dimensional gated cardiac SPECT reconstruction,” Physics in Medicine and Biology, vol. 54, pp. 5643-5659, 2009.

J. G. Brankov, Y. Yang, L. Wei, I. El-Naqa, and M. N. Wernick, “Learning a channelized observer for image quality assessment,” IEEE Trans. on Medical. Imaging, vol. 28, pp. 991- 999, 2009.

L. Wei, Y. Yang, and R. M. Nishikawa, “Microcalcification classification assisted by content-based image retrieval for breast cancer diagnosis,” Pattern Recognition, vol. 42, pp. 1126-1132, 2009.

L. Wei, Y. Yang, M. N. Wernick, and R. M. Nishikawa, “Learning of perceptual similarity from expert readers for mammogram retrieval,” IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Signal Processing, vol. 3, pp. 53-61, 2009.

J. Tang, R. M. Rangayyan, J. Xu, I. El Naqa, and Y. Yang, “Computer-aided detection and diagnosis of breast cancer with mammography: recent advances,” IEEE Trans. Information Technology in Biomedicine, vol. 13, pp. 236-251, 2009.

A. Mairgiotis, N. P. Galatsanos, and Y. Yang, “New additive watermark detectors based on a hierarchical spatially adaptive image model,” IEEE Trans. on Information Forensics and Security, vol. 3, pp. 29-37, 2008.

E. Gravier, Y. Yang, and M. Jin, “Tomographic reconstruction of dynamic cardiac image sequences,” IEEE Trans. on Image Processing, vol. 16, pp. 932-942, 2007.

A. S. Lukic, M. N. Wernick, Y. Yang, L. K. Hansen, K. Arfanakis, and S. C. Strother, “Effect of spatial alignment transformations in PCA and ICA of functional neuroimages,” IEEE Trans. on Medical Imaging, vol. 26, pp. 1058-1068, 2007.

M. Jin, Y. Yang, and M. A. King, “Reconstruction of dynamic gated cardiac SPECT,” Medical Physics, vol. 33, pp. 4384-4394, 2006.

J. G. Brankov, M. N. Wernick, M. A. King, Y. Yang, and M. V. Narayanan, “Spatially-adaptive temporal smoothing for reconstruction of dynamic image sequences,” IEEE Trans. on Nuclear Science, vol. 53, pp. 2769-2777, 2006.

D. G. Tzikas, L. Wei, A. Likas, Y. Yang, and N. P. Galatsanos, “A Tutorial on RVM for Regression and Classification with Applications,” EURASIP News Letter, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 4-23, 2006.

E. Gravier, Y. Yang, M. A. King, and M. Jin, “Fully 4D motion-compensated reconstruction of cardiac SPECT images,” Phys. Med. Biol., vol. 51, pp. 4603-4619, 2006.

B. Marendic, Y. Yang, and H. Stark, “Phase unwrapping of two-dimensional phase functions using vector space projection methods,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, vol. 23, no. 8, pp. 1846-1855, 2006.

M. N. Wernick, Y. Yang, I. Mondal, D. Chapman, M. Hasnah, C. Parham, E. Pisano and Z. Zhong, “Computation of mass-density images from x-ray refraction-angle images,” Phys. Med. Biol., vol. 51, pp. 1769-1778, 2006.

L. Liu, Y. Yang, and H. Stark, “Processing halftone color images by vector space methods,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 247-257, 2006.

P. Dong, J. Brankov, N. P. Galatsanos, Y. Yang, and F. Davoine, “Digital watermarking robust to geometric distortions,” IEEE Trans. on Image Processing, vol. 14, pp. 2140-2150, 2005.

J. Gu, H. Stark, and Y. Yang, “Design of tapped-delay line antenna array using vector space projections,” IEEE Trans. on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 53, pp. 4178-4182, 2005.

L. Wei, Y. Yang, R. M. Nishikawa, M. N. Wernick, and Alexandra Edwards, “Relevance vector machine for automatic detection of clustered microcalcifications,” IEEE Trans. on Medical Imaging, vol. 24, pp. 1278-1285, 2005.

J. G. Brankov, Y. Yang, and M. N. Wernick, “Spatio-temporal processing of gated cardiac SPECT images using deformable mesh modeling,” Medical Physics, vol. 32, pp. 2839-2849, 2005.

L. Liu, Y. Yang, and H. Stark, “Spatial processing in color reproduction,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, vol. 22, no. 8, pp. 1482-1491, 2005.

E. Gravier and Y. Yang, “Motion-compensated reconstruction of tomographic image sequences,” IEEE Trans. on Nuclear Science, vol. 52, pp. 51-56, 2005.

L. Wei, Y. Yang, R. M. Nishikawa, and Y. Jiang, “A study on several machine-learning methods for classification of malignant and benign clustered microcalcifications,” IEEE Trans. on Medical Imaging, vol. 24, pp. 371-380, 2005.

J. Gu, H. Stark, and Y. Yang, “Wideband smart antenna design using vector space projection methods,” vol. 52, pp. 3228-3236, IEEE Trans. on Antennas and Propagation, 2004.

I. El-Naqa, Y. Yang, N. P. Galatsanos, and M. Wernick, “A similarity learning approach to content based image retrieval: application to digital mammography,” IEEE Trans. on Medical Imaging, vol. 23, pp. 1233-1244, 2004.

J. Brankov, Y. Yang, M. N. Wernick, “Content-adaptive mesh modeling for tomographic image reconstruction,” IEEE Trans. on Medical Imaging, vol. 23, pp. 202-212, 2004.

J. Brankov, N. P. Galatsanos, Y. Yang, and M. Wernick, “Segmentation of dynamic PET or fMRI images based on a similarity measure,” IEEE Trans. on Nuclear Science, vol. 50, no. 5, pp. 1410-1414, 2003.

Y. Yang, J. Brankov, and M. Wernick, “A computationally efficient approach for accurate content-adaptive mesh generation,” IEEE Trans. on Image Processing, vol. 12, no. 8, pp. 866-881, 2003.

I. El-Naqa, Y. Yang, M. Wernick, N. P. Galatsanos, and R. Nishikawa, “A support vector machine approach for detection of microcalcifications,” IEEE Trans. on Medical Imaging, vol. 21, no. 12, pp. 1552-1563, 2002.

M. Choi, Y. Yang, and N. P. Galatsanos, “Multichannel regularized recovery of compressed video sequences,” IEEE Trans. on Circuits and Systems II, vol. 48, no. 4, pp. 376-387, 2001.

Y. Yang and H. Stark, “Design of self-healing arrays using vector space projections,” IEEE Trans. on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 49, no. 4, pp. 526-534, 2001.

Y. Yang, H. Stark, D. Gurkan, C. L. Lawson, and R. W. Cohen, “High-diffraction-efficiency pseudorandom encoding,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 285-293, 2000.

H. Stark, Y. Yang, and D. Gurkan, “Factors affecting convergence in the design of diffractive optics by iterative vector-space methods,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 149-159, 1999.

Y. Yang and N. P. Galatsanos, “Removal of compression artifacts using projections onto convex sets and line process modeling,” IEEE Trans. on Image Processing, vol. 6, no. 10, pp. 1345-1357, 1997.

Y. Yang, N. Galatsanos, and A. Katsaggelos, “Projection-based spatially-adaptive reconstruction of block transform compressed images,” IEEE Trans. on Image Processing, vol. 4, no. 7, pp. 896-908, 1995.

H. Stark, J. L. Wurster, and Y. Yang, “Restoration of quantum-limited images by convex projections,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, vol. 12, pp. 2586-2592, 1995.

Y. Yang and H. Stark, “Solutions of several color matching problems using projection theory,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 89-96, 1994.

Y. Yang, N. P. Galatsanos, and H. Stark, “Projection-based blind deconvolution,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, vol. 11, no. 9, pp. 2401-2409, 1994.

Y. Yang, N. P. Galatsanos, and A. K. Katsaggelos, “Regularized reconstruction to reduce blocking artifacts of block discrete cosine transform compressed images,” IEEE Trans. on Circuits and Systems for Video Tech., vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 421-432, 1993.

L. Olson and Y. Yang, “Simplified models for ultrasonic cleaning wave incidence angle effects,” Computational Mechanics, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 245-254, 1993.

J. Wu and Y. Yang, “The dynamics of a non-linear discrete oscillator,” International Journal of Circuit Theory and Applications, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 23-32, 1990.

**Book chapters**

I. El-Naqa and Y. Yang, “The Role of Content-Based Image Retrieval in Mammography CAD,” in Computational Intelligence in Biomedical Imaging, ed., Kenji Suzuki, Springer, 2014.

I. El-Naqa, J. H. Oh, and Y. Yang, “Relevance feedback as new tool for computer-aided diagnosis in image databases,” in Machine Learning in Computer-Aided Diagnosis: Medical Imaging Intelligence and Analysis, ed., Kenji Suzuki, IGI Global, 2012.

I. El-Naqa, L. Wei, and Y. Yang, “Content-based image retrieval for digital mammography,” in Ubiquitous Health and Medical Informatics: The Ubiquity 2.0 Trend and Beyond, ed., Dr. S. Mohammed and Dr. J. Fiaidhi, IGI Global, 2010.

Y. Yang, N. P. Galatsanos, and A. K. Katsaggelos, “Chapter 5.8: Recovery methods for postprocessing of compressed images,” in Handbook of Image and Video Processing, 2nd ed., ed., Alan Bovik, San Diego, Academic Press, 2005.

I. El-Naqa and Y. Yang, “Techniques in the detection of microcalcification clusters in digital mammograms,” in Medical Imaging Systems: Technology and Applications, ed., Cornelius Leondes, World Scientific Publishing Co., 2005.

Y. Yang, M. G. Choi, and N. P. Galatsanos, “Image recovery from compressed video using multichannel regularization,” in Recovery Techniques for Image and Video Compression and Transmission, pp. 69-97, ed., A. K. Katsaggelos and N. P. Galatsanos, Kluwer Academic, 1998.

H. Stark and Y. Yang, “Signal processing by projection methods: applications to color matching, resolution enhancement, and blind deconvolution,” in Signal Processing Methods for Audio, Images and Telecommunications, Chapter 6, ed., P. Clarkson and H. Stark, Academic Press, 1994.

Y. Yang and N. P. Galatsanos, “Projection-based image recovery from compressed data,” in Signal Processing Methods for Audio, Images and Telecommunications, Chapter 7, pp. 263-298, ed., P. Clarkson and H. Stark, Academic Press, 1994.

Y. Yang and H. Stark, “Probability density function estimation using convex projections”, in Signal Processing Methods for Audio, Images and Telecommunications, Chapter 10, ed., P. Clarkson and H. Stark, Academic Press, 1994.